New Delhi: Unable to bear the loss of her daughter, the 45-year-old mother of the 23-year-old medical student ‘Amanat’ (NOT her real name) collapsed today and was rushed to a city hospital where doctors said her condition was stable.
Doctors at the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital in west Delhi said the woman underwent thorough check-ups and was doing “completely fine” now.
A senior doctor said she was suffering from grief and that is why she was unconscious for some time in the morning after the cremation.
He said the woman was frail and was not able to bear the loss of her daughter. “It also looks like she had not had proper food for the past 10-12 days and is very weak. We call it the grief effect,” the doctor said.
The doctor said she must have been anxious and disturbed for the past couple of weeks and this was the reason for her collapse.
She is under the observation of doctors.
1.Increase the deterrence against crimes against women. Change law to make life term plus chemical castration the punishment for violent rapes 2. Expand the definition of rape to include not just penile penetration of the vagina but also oral sex and penetration for sexual purpose of the vagina, anus, urethra or mouth 3. Introduce rape by security forces as a special category of aggravated sexual assault on the lines of the clause dealing with custodial rape 4. Enhance the maximum prison term for molestation from 2 to 5 years & sexual harassment or what’s euphemistically called ‘eve-teasing’ from 1 to 3 years 5. Remove gender inequities in the provisions relating adultery and natural guardian and enact a special law to take pre-emptive action against caste assemblies inciting “honour killings”
Source: The Times of India
1. Increase police patrolling. If necessary, hike number of cops in city. All VIPs with more than two security personnel should give one cop from their security to enhance police presence for the public 2. Register FIRs in all cases of rape, sexual harassment and other crimes against women. Prosecute cops found persuading women to drop such complaints 3.Home guards on buses not enough. Institute system of random checking of buses by PCR vans at night 4.Use technology: All public transport must be on GPS, install CCTVs on buses, make drivers and helpers/conductors wear non-tamperable photo IDs, create common database accessible by police and other enforcement agencies 5.All sexual offenders must be monitored by law enforcers once they have served their sentence
Source: The Times of India
Calling the 23-year-old gang-rape victim a “martyr” for safety of women, the National Commission for Women (NCW) today asked both civil society and the government to work together to stop such crimes in the future.
NCW chairperson Mamata Sharma said the civil society should also assist the government in amending laws related to sexual assault on women.
“The young girl is martyr in the name of women’s safety. Everyone, the government and the civil society should work together and help in amending laws relating to sexual assault against women,” she said.
It was the duty of everyone to ensure that such incidents do not recur in the future, she said. The paramedic student, who was gang-raped and brutally assaulted by six men in a moving bus on December 16, died “peacefully” at the Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore where she was airlifted on Wednesday night.
Her condition took a turn for the worse last night and she passed away in the wee hours today due to multiple organ failure.
Condoling the death of Delhi gang-rape victim, NCP MP Supriya Sule today said it is high time to take up the issue of women’s and young girls’ safety at public and private places as well as at home.
“Early morning, today, received tragic news of death of a rape victim from Delhi. I pray for peace to the great soul. We tried to join her struggle for life, but failed,” Sule said on her blog.
“This is high time for us to retrospect about what has been happening for last 15 days. This is high time for us to take up the issue of women’s and young girls’ safety everywhere, at public places, private spaces and even at our home,” she added.
Government and the police machinery to remain alert on this issue. “Prime Minister himself mentioned that it is up to us all to ensure that her death will not have been in vain…Government, police and administrations at all level need to be alert on this issue,” she said.
We should check all our further actions and our past decisions with respect to the safety of the women, Sule said adding, “This is a difficult time to control our outrage as social groups,” she said.
Meanwhile, a delegation of Rashtravadi Yuvati Congress met Maharashtra DGP Sanjeev Dayal drawing his attention to the rise in crime against women.
They also urged Dayal that police should inform people, through regular media interactions, about the measures taken on the issue of women’s safety.
Meanwhile, Deshbhakti Andolan, a city-based NGO held demonstrations at suburban Bandra here to demand resignation of Union Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde alleging that he had failed to maintain law and order, in view of the recent gang-rape incident in the national capital.
NEW DELHI: Condoling the death of the gang-rape victim, the Indian Medical Association today questioned the airlifting of the 23-year-old victim to Singapore for advanced treatment and wanted to know whether hospitals in India lack infrastructure to treat such patients.
The IMA sought to ask the government whether the reason to shift the patient was purely for medical purposes or there were other factors.
The paramedic student was airlifted to Singapore on Wednesday night after undergoing treatment for 10 days at the Safdarjung Hospital. Many doctors have questioned the move with some directly attacking the government, saying it was a political move.
K Vijayakumar, president of the IMA, told that a doubt arises in everyone’s mind whether the country’s premier institutes and hospitals lack infrastructure to treat such patients.
“Indian hospitals have infrastructure at par with their counterparts in other countries. India is emerging as a major centre of medical tourism and obviously the shifting of the girl raises the question whether our hospitals lack the necessary facilities?” he asked.
Indian doctors are “equally competent” to handle such cases, Vijayakumar said.
Condoling the death, honorary secretary of IMA Dr Narendra Saini also wanted to know the reasons behind shifting the girl from India to Singapore.
“Is it safe or of any advantage to transfer of patient in this condition? Do our hospitals lack infrastructure or our doctors incompetent to handle such patients or this particular decision was taken for other reasons?” he asked.
Both the president and honorary secretary of the IMA demanded that the government come out with some criteria and norms to be followed in cases of transferring patients to other hospitals.
Her death should not be in vain, was the chorus from President Pranab Mukherjee, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Congress president Sonia Gandhi and civil society, doffing its collective hat to the spirited 23-year-old who propelled an entire nation into a rethink of its societal rules and laws.
Across the country, in Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal, Patna, Kolkata, in city after city, the grief found echo. Hundreds gathered at various places demanding an end to crimes such as this.
In the dying days of the year, the young physiotherapy intern had lost her battle for life in a Singapore hospital – 13 days after a trip to see a film with a friend ended in her being brutally tortured and raped by six men in a moving bus.
She was left, stripped and bloody, virtually for dead on that cold Dec 16 night, so grievously injured that her intestines had to be taken out. Now she is dead.
The six accused, including one suspected juvenile, are in jail and all of society in the dock. All six will now face murder charge.
The woman passed away peacefully at 4.45 a.m. with her family and Indian diplomats by her side, Singapore’s Mount Elizabeth Hospital said.
“She had suffered from severe organ failure following serious injuries to her body and brain,” hospital official Kevin Loh said. “We are humbled by the privilege of being tasked to care for her in her final struggle.”
The ripples were felt in Singapore, where people queued up outside the Indian high commission on Grange Road to pay tribute to the doughty woman from a humble family in India’s Uttar Pradesh state.
Questions also arose on why she was shifted to Singapore when her health was so precarious. And the government was the target. For lax policing that led to the incident, and for taking the risky decision to move her.
The body is to be flown back to India Saturday evening in a special aircraft.
As introspection continued on the vulnerability of women, the legal framework to prevent aggravated sexual assaults and ways to stem such crimes, there were tears and protests.
From politicians, celebrities, students and domestic workers. Men and women, everybody was a stakeholder. Many pushed for the death penalty but there were also voices advising against such extreme steps.
The president termed the young woman — who had told her family she did not want to die — “a true hero”.
“…let us resolve that this death will not be in vain,” he added.
The prime minister spoke out in almost the same words, saying that it was up to “us all to ensure that her death will not have been in vain”.
The reticent Sonia Gandhi said – twice in two days – that we “pledge that she will get justice and that her fight will not have been in vain”
Others spoke up too. Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan said he was ashamed of being a man. “I promise I will fight with your voice,” he said in a tribute to the “brave little girl”.
And actress-activist Shabana Azmi said: “Our impotence stares us in the face.”
India’s civil society agreed. And gathered in their thousands.
Though there was a virtual lockdown in Delhi’s city centre, protesters gathered at Jantar Mantar area close by and the anger spilled over. Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit was booed away.
The bus stop at Munirka, where the woman boarded the bus for that last ill-fated ride, piled up with flowers and scores of posters.
Many people across the country felt that the dead woman could have been one amongst them.
But even in this cathartic moment of collective grief, reports came in of harassment at Jantar Mantar.
And just three days ago, an 18-year-old victim of gang-rape committed suicide in Patiala, Punjab, because police had refused to register a case and humiliated her by asking difficult questions.
This should be India’s wake-up moment. But was it?
New Delhi: Protests were held in Delhi and other cities all day today in memory of the 23-year-old medical student who died in a Singapore hospital early this morning. The body of ‘Amanat’ (NOT her real name) will be brought back to India on a chartered Air India plane along with her family members. C
Here are the latest developments:
- In Delhi, hundreds of people gathered at Jantar Mantar and at sunset, the numbers were growing. Many carried placards highlighting the lack of safety for women.
- Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit tried to join the demonstration in the afternoon but left after lighting a candle as many in the crowd heckled her. They said they did not want to politicise today’s somber proceedings.
- Early in the morning, the police sealed all access to India Gate where thousands of protesters clashed with cops last weekend. 5,000 policemen and security personnel, some in riot gear, stood guard near the monument in the heart of Delhi.
- Ms Dikshit had asked Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde to allow the protesters to go to India Gate, but her request was turned down. She also appealed for calm in the city.
- Dozens of students of Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi marched silently to the bus stop from where the girl and her friend had boarded the bus on December 16. They carried placards reading, “She is not with us but her story must awaken us.”
- The six men arrested for the depraved attack on Amanat have now been accused of murder. The police is working on a 1000-page chargesheet against them; the trial could begin in the first week of January when courts reopen after a winter break.
- Five of the arrested men are in Delhi’s Tihar Jail and have been moved to high-security cells to prevent potential attacks from other prisoners. The sixth, a minor, is at a juvenile home in Delhi.
- Police spokesman Rajan Bhagat said the six face death penalty if convicted.
- Doctors who attended to Amanat in Singapore said: “She was courageous in fighting for her life for so long against the odds, but the trauma to her body was too severe for her to overcome.”
Knowing the times that we are in, we give you, yet again, an overview of some important legal rights for women that every one must be aware of.
1 Free legal aid
Exercise your right to free legal aid. Often, women go to the police station unaccompanied by a lawyer to get their statement recorded, and they stand the risk of being misquoted or their statement being tampered with. The police may also treat the entire episode lightly and not lodge an FIR. So, it is necessary to have a lawyer with you while you lodge the FIR. “According to a Delhi High Court ruling, whenever a rape is reported, the SHO has to bring this to the notice of the Delhi Legal Services Authority. The legal body then arranges for a lawyer for the victim,” says Saumya Bhaumik, women rights lawyer.
2 Right to privacy while recording statement
Under section 164 of the Criminal Procedure Code, a woman who has been raped can record her statement before the district magistrate when the case is under trial, and no one else needs to be present. Alternatively, she can record the statement with only one police officer and woman constable in a convenient place that is not crowded and does not provide any possibility of the statement being overheard by a fourth person. The cops have to, by law, upkeep the woman’s right to privacy. It’s important for the person to feel comfortable and not be under any kind of stress while narrating the incident.
3 Time doesn’t matter
The police cannot refuse to register an FIR even if a considerable period of time has elapsed since the incident of rape or molestation took place. If the police tells you that they can’t lodge your FIR since you didn’t report it earlier, do not concede. “Rape is a horrifying incident for any woman, so it’s natural for her to go into shock and not want to report it immediately. She may also fear for her safety and the reputation and dignity of her family. For this reason, the Supreme Court has ruled that the police must register an FIR even if there has been a gap between the report and the occurrence of the incident,” says Tariq Abeed, advocate, Supreme Court.
4 Email to the rescue
According to the guidelines issued by the Delhi Police, a woman has the privilege of lodging a complaint via email or registered post. If, for some reason, a woman can’t go to the police station, she can send a written complaint through an email or registered post addressed to a senior police officer of the level of Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police. The officer then directs the SHO of the police station, of the area where the incident occurred, to conduct proper verification of the complainant and lodge an FIR. The police can then come over to the residence of the victim to take her statement.
5 Cops can’t say no
Arape victim can register her police complaint from any police station under the Zero FIR ruling by Supreme Court. “Sometimes, the police station under which the incident occurs refuses to register the victim’s complaint in order to keep clear of responsibility, and tries sending the victim to another police station. In such cases, she has the right to lodge an FIR at any police station in the city under the Zero FIR ruling. The senior officer will then direct the SHO of the concerned police station to lodge the FIR,” says Abeed. This is a Supreme Court ruling that not many women are aware of, so don’t let the SHO of a police station send you away saying it “doesn’t come under his area”.
6 No arrests after sunset
According to a Supreme Court ruling, a woman cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise. There are many cases of women being harassed by the police at wee hours, but all this can be avoided if you exercise the right of being present in the police station only during daytime. “Even if there is a woman constable accompanying the officers, the police can’t arrest a woman at night. In case the woman has committed a serious crime, the police has to get it in writing from the magistrate explaining why the arrest is necessary during the night,” says Bhaumik.
7 You can’t be called to the police station
Women cannot be called to the police station for interrogation under Section 160 of the Criminal Procedure Code. This law provides Indian women the right of not being physically present at the police station for interrogation. “The police can interrogate a woman at her residence in the presence of a woman constable and family members or friends,” says Abeed. So, the next time you’re called to the police station for queries or interrogation when you have faced any kind of harassment, quote this guideline of the Supreme Court to exercise your right and remind the cops about it.
8 Protect your identity
Under no circumstances can the identity of a rape victim be revealed. Neither the police nor media can make known the name of the victim in public. Section 228-A of the Indian Penal Code makes the disclosure of a victim’s identity a punishable offense. Printing or publishing the name or any matter which may make known the identity of a woman against whom an offense has been committed is punishable. This is done to prevent social victimisation or ostracism of the victim of a sexual offense. Even while a judgment is in progress at the high court or a lower court, the name of the victim is not indicated, she is only described as ‘victim’ in the judgment.
9 The doctor can’t decide
Acase of rape can’t be dismissed even if the doctor says rape had not taken place. A victim of rape needs to be medically examined as per Section 164 A of the Criminal Procedure Code, and only the report can act as proof. “A woman has the right to have a copy of the medical report from the doctor. Rape is crime and not a medical condition. It is a legal term and not a diagnosis to be made by the medical officer treating the victim. The only statement that can be made by the medical officer is that there is evidence of recent sexual activity. Whether the rape has occurred or not is a legal conclusion and the doctor can’t decide on this,” explains Bhaumik.
10 Employers must protect
It is the duty of every employer to create a Sexual Harassment Complaints Committee within the organisation for redressal of such complaints. According to a guideline issued by the Supreme Court, it is mandatory for all firms, public and private, to set up these committees to resolve matters of sexual harassment. It is also necessary that the committee be headed by a woman and comprise 50% women as members. Also, one of the members should be from a women’s welfare group.
From December 16, when the 23-year-old was gangraped in a moving bus in Delhi, to December 29, when she died of her grievous injuries in a Singapore hospital, a sequence of 13 days that stopped a nation in its tracks: Dec 16: The paramedical student and her friend on the way back from a movie get into a bus at Munirka in south Delhi. She is gang-raped and tortured in the moving bus and her is friend beaten. The couple is stripped, robbed and thrown out of the bus. Spotted by a toll plaza patrol vehicle and admitted to Safdarjung Hospital.
Dec 17: Police arrest bus driver Ram Singh and two accused.
Dec 18: The fourth accused held. Large numbers of people gather at India Gate to demand justice for the woman, battling for life.
Dec 19: Doctors remove the victim’s intestines, susceptible to gangrene. Protests continue.
Dec 20: The friend identifies one of the accused as the rapist in Tihar Jail.
Dec 21: Police apprehends a juvenile, identified as the fifth accused.
Dec 21: As the young woman’s condition worsens, hundreds, mostly women, take out a candle-light march outside 10 Janpath, the residence of Sonia Gandhi. Many women students and activists also try to enter Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Dec 21: Police arrest sixth accused from Aurangabad in Bihar.
Dec 22: Home minister Sushilkumar Shinde announces a commission to probe the gangrape. Protests spread as police shuts down Raisina Hill, the seat of power. Police use batons, water cannons and tear gas at crowds, which stays at India Gate till late at night, some through the night. Some metro stations shut down.
Government sets up inquiry to suggest ways to enhance women’s safety in Delhi.
Dec 23: The heart of the Indian capital turns into a battle zone as thousands denounce the gangrape. Clashes between police and protesters leave many injured. Constable Subhash Chand Tomar dies. Metro station remain shut.
The victim is on ventilator, her condition remains critical.
Dec 24: Two Delhi Police officers suspended for not stopping the bus with tinted windows in which the girl was raped. Roads again blocked as protests continue. Authorities promise more measures for security of women. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh addresses the nation, calls for calm.
Dec 25: Delhi policeman Tomar succumbs to his injuries.
Dec 26: Gangrape victim flown to Singapore. Government asks a Delhi high court judge to probe the gangrape and police lapses and suggest ways to make the national capital safer for women.
Dec 28: Sonia Gandhi joins Prime Minister Manmohan Singh promise quick justice. the young woman’s condition worsens.
Dec 29: The woman dies in Singapore. Protests in Delhi as police barricade the city centre.